Model Engines PTY LTD 12 June 2020
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Section 1. Identification
Product Identifier: Model Engine Fuel for use in hobby engines
Other means of identification: Proper Shipping name: FLAMMABLE LIQUID, TOXIC, N.O.S
Product code: As per customer blend
Recommended use of the
chemical and restrictions on
Engine fuel, for use in model planes, cars, helicopters and
Details of manufacturer or
Model Engines PTY LTD
Unit 1, 32 Bluett Drive,
Smeaton Grange, NSW, 2567
Telephone Number: (02) 4647 0184
Emergency Telephone number: 24 hours +61 411 128 284
Section 2: Hazards Identification
Classified as Dangerous Goods by the criteria of the Australian Dangerous Goods Code (ADG Code)
for transport by Road and Rail: DANGEROUS GOODS.
Based on available information, classified as hazardous according to Safe Work
Flammable liquid – Category 2, H225
Acute toxicity, Oral (Category 3), H301
Acute toxicity, Inhalation (Category 3), H331
Acute toxicity, Dermal (Category 3), H311
Specific target organ toxicity - single exposure (Category 1), H370
Signal Word: Danger
Hazard Statements:
H225: Highly Flammable liquid and vapour.
H301:Toxic if swallowed
H311: Toxic in contact with skin
H331: Toxic if inhaled
H370: Causes damage to organs (Eyes).
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Precautionary statements:
P210:Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking.
P233: Keep container tightly closed.
P240: Ground/bond container and receiving equipment.
P241: Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting/process/equipment.
P242: Use only non-sparking tools.
P243: Take precautionary measures against static discharge.
P270: Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product.
P271: Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area.
P260: Do not breathe dust/ fume/ gas/ mist/ vapours/ spray.
P261: Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P264 Wash skin thoroughly after handling.
P270: Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product.
P280 Wear protective gloves/ eye protection/ face protection.
P301 + P310 + P330 IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Rinse
P303 + P361 + P353 IF ON SKIN (or hair): Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin
with water/shower.
P304 + P340: IF INHALED:Remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for
P302 + P352 + P312: IF ON SKIN:Wash with plenty of soap and water.Call a POISON CENTER or
doctor/physician if you feel unwell.
P308 + P311: IF exposed or concerned: Call a POISON CENTER/doctor.
P370 +P378:In case of fire: Use dry sand, dry chemical or alcohol-resistant foam to extinguish.
P321 + P322: Specific treatment and measures (Refer to section 4 of this SDS).
P403 + P235: Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep cool
P405: Store locked up.
Other hazards
Hazard Symbols
Flame Toxic Health hazard
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Section 3. Composition and information on ingredients
Chemical Identity Synonym CAS Number Proportions (%w/w)
Methanol Methyl alcohol 67-56-1 60 to 70%
Nitromethane Nitrocarbol 75-52-5 5 to 30%
Non-Hazardousingredients (oils) - - To 100%
Section 4. First aid measures
In case of poisoning contact a doctor or Poisons Information Centre on 131 126, New Zealand 0800
764 766
Have the product label or SDS with you when calling or going for treatment.
Ingestion:Call a physician immediately. Remove to fresh air. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Use
oxygen as required, provided a qualified person is present
Eye Contact: Rinse immediately with plenty of water, also under the eyelids, for at least 15 minutes.
Remove contact lenses. Call a physician.
Skin Contact:Take off all contaminated clothing immediately. Wash off immediately with plenty of
water. If irritation persists, call a physician. Wash contaminated clothing before re-use.
Inhalation: Call a physician immediately. Move person to fresh air. If breathing is difficult, give
oxygen. Use oxygen as required, provided a qualified operator is present.
Symptoms caused by exposure:After eye contact: Conjunctival redness of the eyes, Conjunctivitis
(pink eye), Following skin contact: Has degreasing effect on the skin, After ingestion: Abdominal
pain, Malaise, Vomiting, Loss of righting reflex, and ataxia, Serious physical decay of vision, Risk of
blindness, Poisoning effect on central nervous system can cause convulsions, breathing difficulties
and loss of consciousness, Headaches and dizziness may occur, proceeding to fainting or
unconsciousness, Large doses may result in coma and death, Following inhalation: Cough
Medical attention and special treatment:Treat symptomatically
Rinse mouth immediately and drink plenty of water. Call a physician immediately.
Section 5. Firefighting measures
Suitable extinguishing equipment:
Alcohol-resistant foam. Carbon dioxide (CO2). Dry chemical.
Specific Hazards arising from the chemical:
Flammable. Vapours may form explosive mixtures with air. Vapours are heavier than air and may spread along floors.
Vapours may travel to areas away from work site before igniting/flashing back to vapor source. In case of fire
hazardous decomposition products may be produced such as: Carbon monoxide, Carbon dioxide (CO2) and
Special protective equipment and precautions for firefighters:
Wear self-contained breathing apparatus and protective suit. Use extinguishing measures that are
appropriate and the surrounding environment.
Hazchem Code: 2WE
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Section 6. Accidental release measures
Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures:
Wear personal protective equipment.
Immediately evacuate personnel to safe areas.
Keep people away from and upwind of spill/leak.
Ensure adequate ventilation.
Remove all sources of ignition.
Do not breathe vapours or spray mist.
Avoid contact with skin, eyes and clothing.
Environmental precautions:
Prevent further leakage or spillage if safe to do so.
Discharge into the environment must be avoided.
Do not flush into surface water or sanitary sewer system.
Do not allow run-off from firefighting to enter drains or water courses.
Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up:
Ventilate the area.
No sparking tools should be used.
Use explosion-proof equipment.
Contain spillage, soak up with non-combustible absorbent material, (e.g. sand, earth, diatomaceous earth,
vermiculite) and transfer to a container for disposal according to local / national regulations (see section 13)
Section 7. Handling and storage
Precautions for safe handling:
Wear personal protective equipment.
Use only in well-ventilated areas.
Keep container tightly closed.
Do not smoke.
Do not breathe vapours or spray mist.
Avoid contact with skin, eyes and clothing
Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities:
Store in area designed for storage of flammable liquids. Protect from physical damage.
Keep containers tightly closed in a dry, cool and well-ventilated place.
Containers which are opened must be carefully resealed and kept upright to prevent leakage.
Keep away from heat and sources of ignition.
Keep away from direct sunlight.
Store away from incompatible substances.
Container hazardous when empty.
Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind or expose containers to heat or sources of ignition.
Avoid storage with oxidizing agents, Aluminium, Magnesium, may attack many plastics, rubbers and coatings.
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Section 8. Exposure controls and personal protection
Component TWA 8h TWA 5 days STEL Peak limitations
(if available)
Methanol 262 mg/m3
(200 ppm)
- 328mg/m3
(250 ppm)
Nitromethane 50 mg/m3
(20 ppm)
- - -
Note: As published by Safe Work Australia Workplace Exposure Standards for Airborne Contaminants.
TWA - The time-weighted average airborne concentration of a substance when calculated over an eight-hour
working day, for a five-day working week.
These Workplace Exposure Standards are guides to be used in the control of occupational health hazards. All
atmospheric contamination should be kept to as low a level as is workable. These workplace exposure
standards should not be used as clear defining points between safe and dangerous concentrations of chemicals.
They are not a measure of relative toxicity.
Biological monitoring:
No biological limits allocated
Control banding:
No data available.
Engineering controls:
Use in well-ventilated areas. Use with local exhaust ventilation in all work process areas, that is suitable to
operate in a hazardous area.Prevent vapour build-up by providing adequate ventilation during and after use.
Individual protection measures, for example personal protective equipment (PPE):
Eye and face protection
Do not wear contact lenses.
Wear as appropriate: Safety glasses with side-shields
If splashes are likely to occur, wear: Goggles or face shield,
giving complete protection to eyes
Skin protection
Wear as appropriate:
Solvent-resistant apron
Flame retardant antistatic protective clothing.
If splashes are likely to occur, wear:
Protective suit
Respiratory protection
In case of insufficient ventilation, wear suitable respiratory equipment.
For rescue and maintenance work in storage tanks use self-contained breathing apparatus.
Use suitable respiratory protection.
Thermal hazards
No data available
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Other information.
Reference standards for (PPE).
Respiratory protection: AS/NZS 1715 and AS/NZS 1716.
Gloves: AS/NZS 2161.1.
Eye protection: AS/NZS 1336 and AS/NZS 1337
Section 9. Physical and chemical properties
Auto-ignition temperature:
Decomposition temperature:
Evaporation rate:
Flammability (solid, gas):
Flash point:
Initial boiling point and boiling range:
Melting point/freezing point
Odour threshold:
Liquid, clear, colourless
(418- 455°C)
Data is not available
4.1 (n-Butyl acetate = 1)
No data available
10°C (Closed cup)
Approx. 64.5 °C @ 101.3 kPa
-97.7 °C
Slight alcohol
Data is not available
Partition coefficient: n-octanol/water:
Relative density:
Upper/lower flammability or explosive limits:
Vapour density:
Vapour pressure:
log Pow: -0.77 at 25 °C - (Lit.)
Data is not available
0.792 g/cm3
at 20°C
Fully soluble in water
44%(v)/ 5.5%(v)
1.11-1.12 (Air =1.0)
128 hPa at 25°C
0.54-0.59 mm2/s at 20°C (Methanol)
Other physical/chemical parameters
Biodurability or biopersistence:
Degree of aggregation or agglomeration
and dispersibility:
Particle size (average and range):
Redox potential:
Release of invisible flammable vapours and
Saturated vapour concentration:
Shape and aspect ratio:
Size distribution:
Specific heat value:
Surface area:
Surface coating or chemistry:
Data is not available
Data is not available
Data is not available
Data is not available
Data is not available
Data is not available
Data is not available
Data is not available
Data is not available
Data is not available
Data is not available
Data is not available
Data is not available
Data is not available
Section 10. Stability and reactivity
Reactivity: Risk of ignition. Vapours can form explosive
mixture with air.
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Chemical stability:
Possibility of hazardous reactions:
Conditions to avoid:
Incompatible materials:
Hazardous decomposition products:
Stable under recommendedstorage and use
Violent reaction with: Alkaline earth metal,
Nitric acid, Sulphuric acid, concentrated, Strong
oxidiser, Hydrogen peroxide.
Heat, flames and sparks.
Strong oxidizing agents, Aluminium, Magnesium
Attacks some plastics, surface coatings, rubber.
Combustion or thermal decomposition will
evolve toxic and irritant vapours such as carbon
monoxide, carbon dioxide (CO2), formaldehyde.
Section 11. Toxicological information
Information on possible routes of exposure:
Relevant values for classification
Chemical LD50(Oral) LC50(Inhalation) LD50 (Dermal)
Methanol 5,628 mg/kg (Rat) 128.2 mg/l (4h) Rat
15,800 mg/kg (Rabbit)
>45000 mg/kg/ (Rat)
Nitromethane 940 to 1475 mg/kg(Rat)
(OECD, 2014; REACH).
LC50 > 12.75 mg/L (Rat) 1 h
>2000 mg/kg (Rabbit)
(OECD, 2014; REACH).
Acute Health Effects
Causes respiratory tract irritation with coughing, dizziness, headache, nausea and weakness.
Causes drying of skin resulting in rough and chapped skin. The chemical is not a skin irritant
Contact with eyes can cause slight eye irritation. Eye irritation effects are not sufficient to provide a
hazard classification, as after 24 hours the effects being mild, and after several days no symptoms
Ingestion being the most frequent route of human poisoning, with abdominal pain, vomiting, loss of
righting reflex, and poisoning effect on central nervous system can cause convulsions, laboured
breathing and loss of consciousness, risk of blindness, large doses may result in coma, seizures and
prolonged acidosis being the initial observed symptoms.
'Acute methanol intoxication (including acidosis and visual effects) evolves in a well-defined pattern.
First, a mild depression of the CNS occurs and is followed by an asymptomatic latent period
commonly lasting 12 to 14 hours. Clinical symptoms include headache, dizziness, nausea, and
vomiting, abdominal pain, and laboured, periodic breathing (Kussmaul breathing) and may progress
to coma and death from respiratory failure. Methanol exposure results in ocular effects ranging from
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mild photophobia, misty or blurred vision to markedly reduced visual acuity and total blindness.
Severe visual disturbances have been reported in workers who experienced methanol air levels of
about 1.5 mg/L (1200 ml/m3) or more.' (0ECD) 2004
Skin Corrosion / Irritation:
The chemical is not a skin irritant.The irritation potential of undiluted methanol (dose not specified)
in rabbits was examined under occlusive conditions after exposure intervals of 1, 5, and 15 minutes
and 20 hours. According to Draize scoring, no signs of skin irritation were observed at 24 hours or on
day eight after treatment, for any of the exposure time periods (OECD, 2004).
Serious Eye Damage / Irritation:
The chemical is a slight eye irritant in rabbits. Eye irritation effects were not sufficient to warrant a
hazard classification.
Respiratory or Skin Sensitisation:
Based on classification principles, the classification criteria are not met.
Germ Cell Mutagenicity:
Based on classification principles, the classification criteria are not met.
IARC: (Methanol). No component of this product present at levels greater than or equal to 0.1% is
identified as probable, possible or confirmed human carcinogen by IARC.
(Nitromethane). The chemical was classified by the IARC as 'possibly carcinogenic to humans (Group
2B)' (IARC, 2000).Until further studies can confirm.
Reproductive Toxicity: Methanol-Based on classification principles, the classification criteria are not
Nitromethane - Based on the limited data available, the chemical may have the potential to cause
reproductive and/or developmental toxicity.
Specific Target Organ Toxicity (STOT) - Single Exposure:
Causes damage to organs. - Eyes Acute oral toxicity - Nausea, Vomiting Acute inhalation toxicity -
Irritation symptoms in the respiratory tract
Specific Target Organ Toxicity (STOT) - Repeated Exposure:
No data available
Aspiration Hazard:
Based on classification principles, the classification criteria are not met.
Chronic Health Effects:
Acidosis drop in blood pressure, agitation, spasms, inebriation, Dizziness, Drowsiness, Headache,
Impairment of vision, Blindness, narcosis, Coma Symptoms may be delayed. Damage to: Liver,
Kidney, Cardiac, Irreversible damage of the optical nerve. Other dangerous properties cannot be
excluded. This substance should be handled with particular care.
Existing Conditions Aggravated by Exposure:
Pre-existing allergies, eye, skin and respiratory disorders.
Early onset of symptoms related to exposure:
Clinical symptoms include headache, dizziness, nausea, and vomiting, abdominal pain, and laboured,
periodic breathing (Kussmaul breathing) and may progress to coma and death from respiratory
failure. Methanol exposure results in ocular effects ranging from mild photophobia, misty or blurred
vision to markedly reduced visual acuity and total blindness.
Delayed health effects from exposure:
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Delayed or immediate effects from exposure can be expected within 24 hrs of exposure and include
acute and chronic health effects.
Exposure levels and health effects:
The main critical effects to human health are acute toxicity from inhalation, in contact with skin and
if swallowed, and possible irreversible effects from acute exposure.
Interactive effects:
Health effects from exposure can be worsened by taking medication or smoking. Pre-existing
medical conditions such as asthma, high blood pressure or a predisposition to allergic reactions may
increase risk.
Other information:
No data available
Section 12. Ecological Information
Chemical Toxicity to fish: Toxicity to and other
aquatic invertebrates:
Toxicity to algae and
other aquatic plants:
Methanol Pimephales promelas
(fathead minnow)
LC50 = 29,400 mg/L, 96 h
Daphnia magna (Water
flea), EC50 =10,000
mg/L, 24 h
EC50: 43,000 mg/L
Exposure time: 5 min
Species: Photobacterium
Nitromethane LC50:>659 mg/L, 96h
(Pimephales promelas)
LC50: = 460 mg/L, 48h
static(Brachydanio rerio)
EC50: = >103 mg/L, 48h
(Daphnia magna)
EC50: = 36 mg/L, 72h
Persistence and degradability: This product is readily degradable in the environment.
Bioaccumulative potential: Does not significantly accumulate in organisms.
n-octanol/water (log KOW) -0,77
Mobility in soil:
Other adverse effects:
Will likely be mobile in the environment due to its solubility in
water. Will not absorb on soil.
Bioconcentration factor (BCF): 1.0 (Methanol)
No information available (environmental fate, ozone depletion,
photochemical ozone creation potential, endocrine-disruption
potential and global warming potential.)
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Section 13. Disposal consideration
Disposal Methods and Containers: Dispose according to applicable local and state government
Special Precautions for Landfill or incineration:
Persons conducting disposal, recycling or reclamation activities should ensure that appropriate
personal protection equipment is used, see “Section 8. Exposure Controls and Personal Protection”
of this SDS.
If possible, material and its container should be recycled. If material or container cannot be recycled,
dispose in accordance with local, regional national and international Regulations.
Section 14. Transport Information
Classified as Dangerous Goods by the criteria of the “Australian Code for the Transport of Dangerous
Goods by Road & Rail. (ADG Code).
Classified as Dangerous Goods by the criteria of the International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code
(IMDG Code) for transport by sea.
Classified as Dangerous Goods by the criteria of the International Air Transport Association (IATA)
Dangerous Goods Regulations for transport by air.
UN No:
Proper Shipping Name:
Dangerous Goods Class:
(ADG Class)
Subsidiary Risk(s):
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Packing Group number:
Marine pollutant:
Hazchem Code:
Emergency Response Guide No: 131
Special precautions for user: No data available.
Additional information: No data available.
Section 15. Regulatory information
This material is not subject to the following international agreements:
? Montreal Protocol (Ozone depleting substances)
? The Stockholm Convention (Persistent Organic Pollutants)
? The Rotterdam Convention (Prior Informed Consent)
? Basel Convention (Hazardous Waste)
? International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL).
This material/constituents(s) is covered by the following requirements:
? The Standard for the Uniform Scheduling of Medicines and Poisons (SUSMP) established under
the Therapeutic Goods Act 1989 (Cwlth) (as amended). Poisons ScheduleNumber S6.
? All components of this product are listed on or exempt from the Australian Inventory of
Chemical Substances (AICS).
Source of data
This SDS has been prepared in accordance the Safe Work Australia Preparation of safety data sheets
for hazardous chemicals Code of Practice prepared under the Work Health and Safety Act and Work
Health and Safety Regulations.
Code of Practice: Labelling of workplace hazardous chemicals
'Standard for the Uniform Scheduling of Medicines and Poisons No. 23’
Hazard Classification
Australian Inventory of Chemical Substances (AICS) (NICNAS)
Chemical Assessment Reports (NICNAS)
Workplace Exposure Standards for Airborne Contaminants
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Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS)
(United Nations)Global Portal to Information on Chemical Substances (OECD).
OECD means the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development.
Hazardous Chemical Information System
European Chemicals Agency (ECHA)
Other references
National Road Transport Commission, 'Australian Code for the Transport of Dangerous Goods
by Road and Rail.
IMDG: International Maritime Code for Dangerous Goods
IATA: International Air Transport Association
Lewis, Richard J. Sr. 'Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary 13th. Ed.', Rev., John Wiley and Sons,
Inc., NY, 1997.
Australian Emergency Response Guidebook 2018.
Section 16. Other Information
Date of preparation: 12 June 2020
Reason for issue: New revision
Prepared by:ChemVit Consulting Pty Ltd.
Key abbreviations or acronyms used
< Less Than.
> Greater Than.
AICS Australian Inventory of Chemical Substances.
atm Atmosphere.
CAS Chemical Abstracts Service (Registry Number).
cm² Square Centimetres.
deg C (°C) Degrees Celsius.
g Grams g/cm³ Grams per Cubic Centimetre.
g/l Grams per Litre.
IDLH Immediately Dangerous to Life and Health.
LC50 LC stands for lethal concentration.
LC50 is the concentration of a material in air which causes the
death of 50% (one half) of a group of test animals. The material is
inhaled over a set period, usually 1 or 4 hours.
LD50 LD stands for Lethal Dose. LD50 is the amount of a material,
given all at once, which causes the death of 50% (one half) of a
group of test animals.
NIOSH National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health.
NOHSC National Occupational Health and Safety Commission.
OECD Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.
ppb Parts per Billion.
ppm Parts per Million.
psi Pounds per Square Inch.
STEL Short Term Exposure Limit.
TLV Threshold Limit Value.
TWA Time Weighted Average.
UN United Nations.
This Safety Data Sheet was prepared in good faith from the best information available at that time of
issue and is based on the present state of our knowledge and to this extent we believe it is accurate.
However, no guarantee of accuracy is made or implied and since conditions of use are beyond our
control, all information relevant to usage is offered without warranty. Ozzie Traders Pacific Group
Pty Ltd and its Affiliates or Agents shall not be held liable or responsible for any damage or
unauthorised use of this information or from contact with this product.
In all cases please ensure you have the current version.The user is cautioned to make their own
determinations as to the suitability of the information provided to the circumstances in which the
product is used.